Biblical Context to Interpret Scripture Correctly
All Israel is the Only Proof of Biblical Context
The Only Biblical Context is how all verses apply to Israel first:
(i) “Enemies & Beloved” verse
“From the standpoint of the gospel they are enemies for your sake, but from the standpoint of God’s choice they are beloved for the sake of the fathers;” (Romans 11:28)
(ii) All Israel will be Saved verse
“All” (not some or believing Israel) only will be “saved” including the ‘enemies’, ‘those who blasphemed against the Holy Spirit (though punished for the age or ages) accordingly:
“and so all Israel will be saved; just as it is written,…” (Romans 11:26)
(iii) Why? God’s Sovereignty is the Only Reason verse:
“for the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable.” (Romans 11:29)
(iv) Likewise to All (not believers only) verse
“Likewise” God’s Sovereignty to ‘save all’ (by showing “Mercy” to “all”) will come to pass eventually
“For just as you once were disobedient to God, but now have been shown mercy because of their disobedience,
so these also now have been disobedient, that because of the mercy shown to you they also may now be shown mercy.
For God has shut up all in disobedience so that He may show mercy to all.” (Romans 11:30 – 32)
(v) Not easy to see though so plainly written? Yes as the subsequent verse itself declares majestically:
“Oh, the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are His judgments and unfathomable His ways!” (Romans 11:33)
(vi) All Israel includes even those who blasphemed against the Holy Spirit and may be punished to “two ages” (the current & next one) as written in Scripture & not forever because these must be saved as All Israel regardless.
“Whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man, it shall be forgiven him; but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit, it shall not be forgiven him, either in this age or in the age to come.” (Matthew 12:32)
*The ‘unforgiveness’ is referred to in verse above as ‘relating to time’ with the word ‘age’ and ‘not timelessness’ as commonly misunderstood especially with inaccurate translation of calling ‘age (singular) as an eternity’.
To see why the ‘next or coming age’ (singular) cannot mean eternity, please consider the verse below which states clearly that there are “ages” to come (future, not including the current one) meaning the ‘next age’ has an ‘end’ as there are ‘at least two ages to come’ by the use of the ‘plural ages’ here:
“so that in the ages to come He might show the surpassing riches of His grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus.” (Ephesians 2:7)
So, Christ only referenced the ‘blasphemy of the Holy Spirit’ to ‘not’ be forgiven till ‘one (singular) future age only’ which clearly is not an eternal age when seen with other verses such as the one quoted above.
To have a ‘wise heart’, we need to ‘understand judgment’ with respect to ‘time’ and ‘not with respect to timelessness’:
“Whoso is keeping a command knoweth no evil thing, and time and judgment the heart of the wise knoweth.
For to every delight there is a time and a judgment, for the misfortune of man is great upon him.
For he knoweth not that which shall be, for when it shall be who declareth to him?” (Ecclesiastes 8:5 – 7, YLT)
P/S: Some Additional thoughts for edification
The ‘common interpretation’ of taking this Romans 11 verse to mean a ‘nationalistic’ Salvation or Israel instead of a ‘spiritual Salvation’ is far fetched & may only be a allegorical meaning in some way.
Personally, I don’t think so at all because in Romans 11, apostle Paul doesn’t hint on speaking regarding a ‘nationalistic prophecy’ at all but rather from the perspective of Salvation and the Gospel. It’s not the topic at all in the other verses surrounding it too.
Please consider for example, the ‘kindness’ & ‘severity’ of God verses. It clearly speaks about ‘salvation’ (being ‘saved’ vs ‘cut off’) in any context. And this the ‘all Israel’ being ‘saved’ a few verses later in ‘conclusion’ must refer to this ‘same salvation’ context or topic only.
Thus, we may understand the “cutting off” of the ‘hardened Israel’ as a ‘temporary state’ (of punishment) when understood with the final conclusion of the ‘all Israel being Saved’ verse later which is revealed as a Secret/Mystery too.
For example, the phrase “Enemies” of the “Gospel” (in Romans 11:28) for the “hardened” Israel (Romans 11:25) are obviously still mentioned & included in the “all Israel” which is “Saved” (Romans 11:26).
That is, if the “Enemies” of the “Gospel” Israelites spans ‘whatever time frame’, they are still “beloved” with respect to the patriarchs.
Yes, ‘all Israel’ are ‘beloved’ with respect to ‘any time frame’ and the ‘enemies’ of the ‘Gospel’ does “not” refer to thereafter from the time of Christ only but from Abraham onwards (which includes ‘all Israel’) as this context of ‘time frame’ is clearly agreeable to the verse below which speaks in reference to the ‘Gospel’ (and hence Its reference to its ‘Israeilite Enemies’ certainly includes any Jew ever created by God):
“And the Scripture, having foreseen that God justifies the Gentiles by faith, foretold the gospel to Abraham: “All the nations will be blessed in you.” (Galatians 3:8)
And the definition of ‘enemies of the Gospel among Israelites’ (Romans 11:28) who are the “hardened ones” (mentioned in Romans 11:25) spans from Abraham’s time to the end of the age (future) which is the only Scripturally consistent definition within these verses and to which ‘all Israel will be saved’ (Mystery, Romans 11:26) is clearly pointing to without doubt.
Thus the common idea that ‘all Israel’ refers to a ‘specific all’ during the end time for a ‘nationalistic delieverance’ doesn’t fit the Scriptures mentioned at all (not even the topic discussed here from Romans 1 to Romans 11).
Best still, the fact that such a delieverance (‘being saved’) is ‘likewise’ going to apply to the ‘Gentiles’ (the ‘you’ referred to in these passages) —-> even implying the ‘reconciliation of the world’ in ‘His Mercy’ (Romans 11:30 -32) —–> a consequence of ‘His Sovereignty in His Will alone’ (Romans 11:29) —-> (please note that these ‘words’ all exist in verses in Romans 11) —-> proves it beyond doubt because ‘no nationalistic Salvation or Deliverance’ (exists ‘likewise’, in analogy) for ‘Gentile’ believers ‘nor’ for the ‘world’.
Hope this helps.
‘Blessed be the Messiah, Who is indeed the Savior of the World’